Children have to take the Standard Aptitude Test, which is used to predict future performance; Standardized Achievement Test, which is designed to measure what a child has learned in a specific area; Standardized Screening and Diagnostic Tests, which is used to diagnose or identify children who may have learning disabilities; and Standardized Tests, which has specific characteristics toward reliability and validity. As teachers we have to be able to recognize the validity and reliability of a test.
The children in Japan take a National Achievement Test. According to the article, (National Achievement Test, 2011) the subjects that are tested are Japanese and arithmetic for elementary school students and Japanese and mathematics for junior high school students. Children that live in wealthy areas score high on the test; whereas, children who live in poor areas score low. Also, children in private schools take the NAT.
In Mississippi, the children can be passing the basic subjects in the classroom with all A's, but if they fail the Standardize Test, then they will be unable to graduate. This forces a lot of children to enroll in private schools their last year of high school, so that the test will not affect their graduation.
National Achievement Test. (2011, February 17). Retrieved December 9, 2011, from Statistics Japan: Prefecture Comparisons: http://stats-japan.com/t/kiji/12090